The FTB is implementing an automated dialer to make outbound collection calls to individual income-tax taxpayers in an effort to prevent collection actions such as tax liens, bank levies, and wage garnishments. The state FTB tax agency will implement a similar system for business entities in September 2012.
Recently in CA FTB Category
The CA FTB is contacting more than 100,000 California business entities that have not filed their 2010 state income tax returns. (FTB News Release (June 14, 2012)) When a business is contacted, they will have 30 days to either file or show why no return is due. Otherwise, the FTB will assess tax based on the information reported to them from other agencies.
The CA FTB state tax agency has begun using information obtained through the Financial Institution Record Match (FIRM) program from banks and other financial institutions to find assets and collect on unpaid delinquent tax debts from California taxpayers. If you have outstanding FTB tax liabilities, your bank accounts may be levied by the FTB, and your wages could be garnished and levied.
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Franchise Tax Board is Contacting Thousands of Businesses to File Delinquent Tax Returns
Sacramento: The state is contacting more than 40,000 California businesses that have not filed their 2008 state income tax returns with the Franchise Tax Board (FTB).
The notices inform the businesses that they have 30 days to file a return or show why there is no tax filing requirement. Businesses that disregard these notices could face tax assessments that may include penalties, interest, and fees.
FTB annually reviews more than 5 million income records received from the Internal Revenue Service, the State Employment Development Department, the State Board of Equalization, financial institutions, and other business entities, then compares that data to tax returns already filed to identify noncompliance. Last year, FTB collected approximately $38 million from non-filing businesses the agency notified.
California faces an annual tax gap of $6.5 billion per year. The tax gap is the difference between taxes owed and taxes paid. The failure to file tax returns is one part of the tax gap along with underreporting of income, overstatement of tax deductions, and the underpayment of taxes owed.
CALIFORNIA FRANCHISE TAX BOARD
RESIDENCY LAWS, TERMS, AND RESIDENCY CONCEPTS
DEFINITION OF RESIDENT
R&TC Section 17014(a) defines "resident" as:
- Every individual who is in this state for other than a temporary or transitory purpose;
- Every individual domiciled in this state who is outside the state for a temporary or transitory purpose.
Under this definition, an individual may be a resident of California although not domiciled in California, and, conversely, may be domiciled in California without being a resident of California. Residency determines what income is taxable by California (CCR Section 17014).
The theory behind California residency law is to define the class of individuals who should contribute to the support of this state (CCR Section 17014).
R&TC Section 17014(b) provides a special rule for certain United States Government
officials and their spouses. If those individuals have a California domicile, we will consider their absences from this state as temporary or transitory. They remain California residents.
This rule applies to the following persons:
- Any elected U.S. official.
- Anyone on the staff of a member of the U.S. Congress.
- Any presidential appointee, subject to Senate confirmation, other than military and Foreign Service career appointees.
R&TC Section 17014(c) provides that any individual who is a resident of California remains a resident even though temporarily absent.
TEMPORARY OR TRANSITORY PURPOSE
CCR Section 17014(b) provides a detailed discussion of the meaning of "temporary or
transitory purpose." According to this regulation, the determination of whether or not an
individual is in this state for temporary or transitory purposes depends to a large extent upon the facts and circumstances of each particular case. Generally, we consider an individual to be in California for a temporary or transitory purpose, and therefore a nonresident of California, if he or she is:
- Simply passing through this state.
- Here for a brief rest.
- Here for a vacation.
- Here for a short period to complete a particular transaction, perform a particular contract, or perform a particular engagement.
James and Janice are domiciled in Minnesota where they have maintained their family home for seven years. James works for a state agency in Minnesota. In October 2005, James took a six-month leave of absence to become a temporary consultant for a California company. James and Janice moved to Los Angeles, CA in October 2005, where they rented an apartment and opened a checking account. Their home in Minnesota was left vacant and they retained their Minnesota bank accounts. They stayed in California from October 2005, to April 2006, and returned to Minnesota in April 2006.
James and Janice were in California for a short period in order for James to complete a
particular engagement as a temporary consultant. James and Janice are nonresidents of
California because they were in California for a temporary or transitory purpose.
An individual will be considered to be in California for other than temporary or transitory
purposes, and therefore a California resident, if he or she is in this state:
- To recuperate from injury or illness for a relatively long or indefinite period.
- For a business purpose which will require a long or indefinite period to accomplish.
- For employment in a position that may last permanently or indefinitely.
- For retirement with no definite intention of leaving shortly.
Bob is domiciled in Ohio and has lived there for 50 years. Two years ago Bob developed a serious medical condition. His doctor told him to live in California until he recovers. The illness may last for several years. Bob took his doctor's advice and moved to California two years ago.
Bob is in California for an indefinite period in order to recuperate from an illness. He is a
California resident because his stay in California is not for a temporary or transitory purpose.
CCR Section 17014(b) provides that the state with which a person has the closest
connections during the taxable year is the person's state of residence. In the Appeal of
Richard L. and Kathleen K. Hardman, 1975-SBE-052, August 19, 1975, the Board of
Equalization held that the connections which a taxpayer maintains in this and other states are important objective indications of whether presence in or absence from California is for a temporary or transitory purpose.
In the Appeal of Stephen D. Bragg 2003-SBE-002, May 28, 2003, the Board of Equalization included the following list of factors which, while not exhaustive, inform taxpayers of the type and nature of connections the Board of Equalization and the Franchise Tax Board find informative when determining residency:
- The location of all of the taxpayer's residential real property, and the approximate sizes and values of each of the residences.
- The state wherein the taxpayer's spouse and children reside.
- The state wherein the taxpayer's children attend school.
- The state wherein the taxpayer claims the homeowner's property tax exemption on a residence.
- The taxpayer's telephone records (i.e., the origination point of taxpayer's telephone calls).
- The number of days the taxpayer spends in California versus the number of days the
- taxpayer spends in other states, and the general purpose of such days (i.e., vacation, business, etc.).
- The location where the taxpayer files his tax returns, both federal and state, and the state of residence claimed by the taxpayer on such returns.
- The location of the taxpayer's bank and savings accounts.
- The origination point of the taxpayer's checking account transactions and credit card transactions.
- The state wherein the taxpayer maintains memberships in social, religious, and professional organizations.
- The state wherein the taxpayer registers his automobiles.
- The state wherein the taxpayer maintains a driver's license.
- The state wherein the taxpayer maintains voter registration and the taxpayer's voting participation history.
- The state wherein the taxpayer obtains professional services, such as doctors, dentists, accountants, and attorneys.
- The state wherein the taxpayer is employed.
- The state wherein the taxpayer maintains or owns business interests.
- The state wherein the taxpayer holds a professional license or licenses.
- The state wherein the taxpayer owns investment real property.
- The indications in affidavits from various individuals discussing the taxpayer's residency.
It is particularly relevant to determine whether the taxpayer substantially severed his or her California connections upon departure and took steps to establish significant connections with the new place of abode. It is also necessary to determine whether the connections in California were maintained in readiness for his or her return. See the Appeal of Richard L. and Kathleen K. Hardman, supra.
Whether a person was in California for other than a temporary or transitory purpose must be determined by examining all of the facts. Mere formalisms such as changing voting registration to another state or statements to the effect that the taxpayer intended to be a resident of another state are not controlling. See the Appeal of Tyrus R. Cobb, 1959-SBE-014, March 26, 1959.
Note that retention of some contacts such as bank accounts and a driver's license may only be a reflection of the taxpayer's past and may not be inconsistent with an absence for other than temporary or transitory purposes. See the Appeal of Richard L. and Kathleen K. Hardman, supra.
SEASONAL VISITORS, TOURISTS, AND GUESTS
CCR Section 17014(b) provides that an individual whose presence in California does not
exceed an aggregate of six months within a taxable year and who is domiciled without the state and maintains a permanent abode at the place of his domicile will be considered as being in this state for temporary or transitory purposes. However, he or she must not engage in any activity or conduct within this state other than that of a seasonal visitor, tourist, or guest.
The following connections with California will not, by themselves, cause a seasonal visitor, tourist, or guest to lose his or her status as such:
- Owning or maintaining a home.
- Opening a bank account for paying personal expenses.
- Having membership in local social clubs.
Bill and Sue lived and worked in North Dakota for 20 years until their retirement in the
summer of 2005. Beginning the winter of 2005, Bill and Sue spend four months each year in California. They spend the remaining eight months in North Dakota. While in North Dakota, they live in a home they have owned since 1995. They hold valid North Dakota driver's licenses, are registered to vote in North Dakota, and maintain North Dakota bank accounts.
Bill and Sue also own a California home, which they use while in California. They also
opened a California checking account for their personal expenses and are members of a
California country club. While in California, they do not engage in any California business
Bill and Sue are considered to be seasonal visitors, in California for temporary or transitory purposes. Therefore, they are nonresidents of California.
PRESUMPTION OF RESIDENCE
R&TC Section 17016 states: "Every individual who spends in the aggregate more than nine months of the taxable year within this state shall be presumed to be a resident. The presumption may be overcome by satisfactory evidence that the individual is in the state for a temporary or transitory purpose."
Note that R&TC Section 17016 merely provides a presumption of residence. The
presumption can be overcome. For example, in the Appeal of Edgar Montillion Woolley,
1951-SBE-005, July 19, 1951, the Board of Equalization ruled that the taxpayer was in
California for a temporary or transitory purpose even though he was in California for more that nine months during the year. The decision was based on the fact that during his stay in California, Mr. Woolley lived in a hotel on a weekly basis and his departure was delayed because of illness and a studio strike.
CCR Section 17016 provides that presence within California for less than nine months does not constitute a presumption of nonresidency. On the contrary, a person may be a California resident even though not in this state during any portion of the year.
DEFINITION OF DOMICILE
Domicile is an integral part of the definition of resident. An individual domiciled in California and absent from the state for a temporary or transitory purpose is considered to be a California resident. An individual's domicile also determines whether income received by a husband or wife is community or separate income.
CCR Regulations Section 17014(c) defines the term "domicile" as the place where an
individual has his or her true, fixed, permanent home and principal establishment. It is the place to which, whenever absent, he or she has the intention of returning. It is the place in which a person has voluntarily fixed his or her habitation and the habitation of his or her family. It is the place where a person has the present intention of making a permanent home, until some unexpected event shall occur to induce him or her to adopt another. It is not a place where a person is living for a mere special or limited purpose.
As stated by the California Court of Appeal, "domicile" is the one location with which, for
legal purposes, a person is considered to have the most settled and permanent connection.
It is the place where they intend to remain and to which, whenever they are absent, they have the intention of returning. See Whittell v. Franchise Tax Board, 231 Cal.App.2d 278 (1964).
An individual can have only one domicile at a time. If an individual has acquired a domicile at one place, the individual retains that domicile until another is acquired elsewhere.
A California domiciliary leaving the state retains his or her California domicile as long as he or she has the definite intention of returning here. This is true regardless of the length or reason of the absence. An individual domiciled in California who leaves the state loses his or her California domicile at the moment he or she abandons any intention of returning to California and locates elsewhere with the intention of remaining there indefinitely.
The concept of domicile involves not only physical presence in a particular place, but also the intention to make that place one's home. See the Appeal of Anthony J. and Ann S. D'Eustachio, 1985-SBE-040, May 8, 1985.
In order to change one's domicile, a person must actually move to a new residence and
intend to remain there permanently or indefinitely. See Noble v. Franchise Tax Board 118 Cal.App. 4th 560 (2004).
The burden of proving the acquisition of a new domicile is on the person asserting that
domicile has been changed. See the Appeal of Frank J. Milos, 1984-SBE-042, February 28, 1984.
Adam, who is domiciled in Illinois, comes to California on business, but intends to return to Illinois as soon as his business in California is completed. He maintains a California home while in California and stays in California for 11 months.
Adam retains his Illinois domicile. His stay in California is for a limited purpose.
Mark moved from Alaska to California in October 2000, to begin a permanent job. He sold his home in Alaska and purchased a home in California. He moved all his personal
belongings to California, opened a California bank account, and obtained a California driver's license. He has no intention of returning to Alaska.
Mark became a California domiciliary in October 2000, when he moved to California. He
came to California with the intention to remain here indefinitely with no fixed intention of
returning to Alaska.
Allen and his wife Ellen were both born and raised in California. Upon graduation from a
California college, Allen obtained employment in Los Angeles, CA. In 1999, Allen was sent to France for a one-year assignment. Ellen remained at their home in California with their two children. While in France, Allen rented an apartment and joined a local soccer league. He returned to California in 2000.
Allen remained a California domiciliary during his absence. He did not sever his ties with
California and the ties established with France did not show that he intended to remain
DOMICILE V RESIDENCY
Domicile and residency are not synonymous. California distinguishes them as two separate concepts. For income tax purposes, residency determines what income is taxable to California. Domicile is an important component of residency and determines whether income is split between spouses.
Domicile is the place where an individual has his or her true, fixed, permanent home and
principal establishment (CCR Regulations Section 17014(c)). Domicile requires both physical presence in a particular locality and the intent to make this locality one's permanent abode.
Residence is any factual place of abode of some permanency that is more than a mere
temporary sojourn. See Whittell v. Franchise Tax Board, 231 Cal.App.2d 278 (1964).
An individual can have only one domicile at any given time, but can have several
residences. See Whittell v. Franchise Tax Board, supra.
The key distinction between domicile and residency is intent. A new domicile is acquired by the actual change of residence in a new place of abode, coupled with the intention to remain there either permanently or indefinitely without any fixed or certain purpose to return to the former place of abode. (Appeal of Robert J. and Kyung Y. Olsen, 1908-SBE-134, October 28, 1980.) A determination of residence cannot be based solely upon the declared intention of the parties, but must have its basis in objective facts. (Appeal of Nathan H. and Julia M. Juran, 1968-SBE-004, January 8, 1968.) In determining residency, voluntary physical presence is a factor of greater significance than the mental intent or outward formalities of ties to another state. See Whittell v. Franchise Tax Board, supra.
Frequently, a person's domicile and residence are the same physical location. See Whittell v. Franchise Tax Board supra. However, a person's domicile and residence may not be the same. See the Appeal of Warren L. and Marlys Christianson, 1972-SBE-022, July 31, 1972.
An individual may be a resident although not domiciled in this state and, conversely, may be domiciled in this state without being a resident. (CCR Section 17014 and the Appeal of Terance and Brenda Harrison, 1985-SBE-059, June 25, 1985.)
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Mike Habib, EA represents individuals and businesses before the State of California in all tax matters. You can reach Mike at 1-877-78-TAXES (877-788-2937).
IRS tax Relief, FTB tax Relief, BOE tax Relief, EDD tax relief
At Mike Habib, EA, a SoCal tax firm, we understand that being notified that your tax return is being challenged by the IRS or the FTB can be scary. When you are faced with an audit, or a collection action, by the IRS, or the FTB, you may not know where to turn or what to do. We have the skill set and representation expertise to deal with the IRS and the FTB on your behalf. We understand their rules and are experienced in negotiating the lowest possible tax debt settlement allowed by law.
Tax Relief Services offered:
- IRS tax audit representation
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- Stop wage garnishment - stop IRS levy
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If you've received a notice from the IRS, FTB, BOE or EDD, or if you have any unpaid taxes or unpaid back taxes contact our office immediately at 1-877-788-2937 so we can jump start your case as soon as possible. Ignoring tax problems won't help, don't compromise on your representation.
IRS Tax Help, IRS Tax Audit / Examination, Tax Problems & Tax Relief LOS ANGELES COUNTY:
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IRS Tax Help, IRS Tax Audit / Examination, Tax Problems & Tax Relief ORANGE COUNTY:
Aliso Viejo - Anaheim - Anaheim Hills - Balboa Island - Brea - Buena Park - Capistrano Beach - Corona del Mar - Costa Mesa - Cypress - Dana Point - Foothill Ranch - Fountain Valley - Fullerton - Garden Grove - Huntington Beach - Irvine - La Habra - La Palma - Ladera Ranch - Laguna Beach - Laguna Hills - Laguna Niguel - Laguna Woods - Lake Forest - Los Alamitos - Midway City - Mission Viejo - Newport Beach - Newport Coast - Orange - Placentia - Rancho St. Margarita - San Clemente - San Juan Capistrano - Santa Ana - Seal Beach - Silverado - Stanton - Sunset Beach - Surfside - Trabuco Canyon - Tustin - Villa Park - Westminster - Yorba Linda .
IRS Tax Help, IRS Tax Audit / Examination, Tax Problems & Tax Relief RIVERSIDE COUNTY :
Aguanga - Anza - Banning - Beaumont - Blythe - Cabazon - Calimesa - Canyon Lake - Cathedral City - Coachella - Corona - Desert Center - Desert Hot Springs - Hemet - Homeland - Idyllwild, Indian Wells - Indio - La Quinta - Lake Elsinore - Mecca - Menifee - Mira Loma - Moreno Valley, Mountain Center - Murrieta - Norco - North Palm Springs - Nuevo, Palm Desert - Palm Springs, Perris - Rancho Mirage - Riverside - San Jacinto - Sun City - Temecula - Thermal - Thousand Palms - White Water - Wildomar - Winchester .
IRS Tax Help, IRS Tax Audit / Examination, Tax Problems & Tax Relief SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY :
Adelanto - Angeles Oaks - Apple Valley - Barstow - Big Bear City - Big Bear Lake - Bloomington, Blue Jay - Cedar Glen - Cedarpines Park - Chino - Chino Hills - Colton - Crest Park - Crestline, Daggett - Fawnskin - Fontana - Forest Falls - Grand Terrace - Green Valley Lake - Helendale - Hesperia - Highlands - Hinkley - Joshua Tree - Lake Arrowhead - Landers - Loma Linda - Lucerne Valley - Lytle Creek - Mentone - Montclair - Morongo Valley - Needles - Newberry Springs - Ontario - Oro Grande - Phelan - Pinon Hills - Pioneertown - Rancho Cucamonga - Redlands - Redlands - Rialto - Rim Forest - Running Springs - San Bernardino - Sky Forest - Sugarloaf - Trona - Twentynine Palms - Twin Peaks - Upland, Victorville - Wrightwood - Yermo - Yucaipa - Yucca Valley .
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The California Franchise Tax Board (FTB) has begun contacting more than 35,000 companies that did business in California in 2007, but failed to file a California corporation franchise or income tax return for that year. Businesses contacted by the FTB will have 30 days to file their delinquent tax return or show why one is not due. If no such action is taken, the FTB will issue a tax assessment that may include penalties and fees.
The FTB annually reviews more than 5 million income records from government agencies and financial institutions, and matches them against tax records filed to determine whether some businesses have yet to file. Businesses receiving notices from the FTB may obtain more information by calling the FTB at 866-204-7902. Callers should be prepared to provide their 15-digit notice number.
News Release, California Franchise Tax Board, September 14, 2009
If you owe back taxes to the CA FTB, or the IRS, please call Mike Habib, EA to know your options to resolve your tax matters. You can reach Mike Habib at 1-877-78-TAXES [1-877-788-2937].
EDD ReliefEmployers in Yuba County who were directly affected by the damage resulting from the fire may request up to a 60-day extension of time from EDD to file their state payroll reports and/or deposit state payroll taxes without penalty or interest. Written request for extension must be received within 60 days from the original delinquent date of the payment or return to file or pay. Related information is available on the EDD Web site at http://www.edd.ca.gov/Payroll_Taxes/.
Affected taxpayers and fee payers can get special relief in the form of a one-month extension of time to file or pay taxes and fees. Deadlines also are extended for filings that were delayed by the disruption of the normal activities of the U.S. Postal Service or other private mail and freight companies.
Relief from interest and penalties may be provided for those persons who are unable to file their returns or pay taxes and fees in a timely manner. Business owners and fee payers also can replace copies of BOE tax records at no charge.
Relief from the interstate user tax under the International Fuel Tax Agreement applies only to California tax. Also, any claim in either county for property tax relief must be filed with the county assessor's office.
The "Cash for Clunkers" program, Federal law, H.R. 2346, The Consumer Assistance to Recycle and Save Program, allows qualifying consumers to receive a $3,500 or $4,500 voucher from the federal government when they trade in qualifying old vehicles and purchase or lease a new one. This federal law provides the value of the voucher received by the consumer is not considered as gross income of the purchaser for purposes of the federal income tax.
California law does not conform to H.R. 2346. For state income tax purposes trade-ins are treated as normal sales or exchanges, and in some cases the value of the voucher received may be subject to state tax. That is to say, the person subtracts his or her basis (generally the cost of the used vehicle) of the car traded-in from the amount realized (the applicable voucher amount, plus any other salvage value the dealer offers as part of the exchange) to determine whether a gain or loss was realized on the disposition of the used vehicle. For example, if the family car was originally purchased for $19,500 and traded in for a $4,500 discount under the "Cash for Clunkers" program, there is no taxable gain. The $15,000 difference is a personal loss under tax law and may not be deducted for tax purposes. However, if the family car was purchased for $3,000 and it was traded in for a $3,500 discount, the $500 difference needs to be reported as income for state tax purposes.
Different tax rules apply for vehicles used in a person's trade or business. For example, when a person trades in the old company truck for a new company truck, under the "Cash for Clunkers" program, the gain or loss could be postponed for tax purposes under the "like-kind exchange" rules.
Any scrap value received by the consumer for the trade-ins is also used in computing the gain or loss from these sales or exchange transactions.
We will provide instructions about how to report taxable gains for the "Cash for Clunkers" program in its tax return instructions when the 2009 tax forms are published later this year. Taxpayers and practitioners can check FTB's website at ftb.ca.gov for tax forms and other helpful information.
California - Personal Income Tax: 2009 Tax Rate Schedules, Exemption and Other Amounts Released
According to figures obtained from California Franchise Tax Board's Tax Practitioner Liaisons Office, there will be decreases in the indexed 2009 California personal income tax rate schedules, return filing thresholds, standard deduction amounts, itemized deduction limitation amounts, personal exemption amounts, credit amounts, and alternative minimum tax exemption amounts. These figures are based on the negative 1.5% inflation rate, as measured by the California Consumer Price Index (CCPI) for all urban consumers from June of 2008 to June of 2009.
Tax Rate Schedules
For 2009, the indexed personal income tax rates, which includes the 0.25% surcharge, for single taxpayers and married taxpayers filing separately range from 1.25% of the first $7,060 (formerly, $7,168) of taxable income to 9.55% of taxable income over $46,349 (formerly, $47,055). For married taxpayers filing jointly and surviving spouses with a dependent child, the rates range from 1.25% of the first $14,120 (formerly, $14,336) of taxable income to 9.55% of taxable income over $92,698 (formerly, $94,110). For taxpayers filing as heads of households, the rates range from 1.25% of the first $14,130 (formerly, $14,345) of taxable income to 9.55% of taxable income over $63,089 (formerly, $64,050).
Return Filing Thresholds
For the 2009 taxable year, a single taxpayer or head of household taxpayer must file a return if the taxpayer's adjusted gross income (AGI) exceeds an amount ranging from $11,698 to $21,008 (formerly, $11,876 to $30,731), or if the taxpayer's gross income exceeds an amount ranging from $14,622 to $23,932 (formerly, $14,845 to $33,700). A surviving spouse taxpayer with dependents must file a return if the taxpayer's AGI exceeds an amount ranging from $14,965 to $21,008 (formerly, $22,176 to $30,731), or if the taxpayer's gross income exceeds an amount ranging from $17,889 to $23,932 (formerly, $25,145 to $33,700). The corresponding AGI and gross income thresholds requiring married couples to file a return range from $23,396 to $37,606 (formerly, $23,752 to $47,557), and from $29,245 to $43,455 (formerly, $29,690 to $53,495), respectively. The number of dependents and the taxpayer's age (under 65, or 65 or older) determine the filing threshold level that applies.
For 2009, the standard deduction decreases from $3,692 to $3,637 for single taxpayers and married taxpayers filing separate returns, and from $7,384 to $7,274 for married taxpayers filing jointly, surviving spouses, and heads of households.
Itemized Deduction Limitation Amounts
The AGI thresholds that activate the reduction of California itemized deductions for 2009 are $160,739 (formerly, $163,187) for single taxpayers and married taxpayers filing separately, $321,483 (formerly, $326,379) for married taxpayers filing jointly and surviving spouses, and $241,113 (formerly, $244,785) for heads of households.
Personal exemption amounts for 2009 decrease to $98 (formerly, $99) for single taxpayers, married taxpayers filing separately, and heads of households, and to $196 (formerly, $198) for married taxpayers filing jointly and surviving spouses. The dependent exemption amount for 2009 decreases to $98 (formerly, $309) for each dependent claimed.
The adjusted gross income (AGI) thresholds that activate the reduction of California personal exemption credits for 2009 are $160,739 (formerly, $163,187) for single taxpayers and married taxpayers filing separately, $321,483 (formerly, $326,379) for married taxpayers filing jointly and surviving spouses, and $241,113 (formerly, $244,785) for heads of households.
The joint custody head of household credit and dependent parent credit are indexed for 2009 to the lesser of $387 (formerly, $393) or 30% of net tax.
The qualified senior head of household credit is indexed for 2009 to 2% of taxable income of up to $62,874 (formerly, $63,831), up to a $1,185 (formerly, $1,203) maximum credit amount.
The maximum AGI amounts for the renter's credit are indexed for 2009 to $34,412 (formerly, $34,936) for single filers and $68,824 (formerly, $69,872) for joint filers.
Alternative Minimum Tax Exemption Amounts
The alternative minimum tax exemption amounts for 2009 are decreased to $59,114 (formerly, $60,014) for single or unmarried taxpayers, $39,407 (formerly, $40,007) for married taxpayers filing separately and estates and trusts, and $78,817 (formerly, $80,017) for married taxpayers filing jointly and surviving spouses. Exemption phaseouts begin at the following alternative minimum taxable income levels for 2009: $221,674 (formerly, $225,050) for single or unmarried taxpayers, $147,781 (formerly, $150,031) for married taxpayers filing separately and estates and trusts, and $295,564 (formerly, $300,065) for married taxpayers filing jointly and surviving spouses.
CA New Home Tax Credit Going Fast
Sacramento – The Franchise Tax Board (FTB) announced today that the $100 million allocated by the state in new home tax credits will soon be gone.
As of June 17, 2009, FTB had received more than 9,800 applications claiming nearly $95 million. Because some of these applications are duplicates, revisions, or invalid, FTB plans to accept 12,000 applications. This will ensure enough valid applications will be available to allocate the full $100 million credit. However, FTB will only issue approved credit certificates until the $100 million is exhausted.
When 11,000 applications are received, FTB will update its Tax Credit for New Home Purchases web page at www.ftb.ca.gov each business day with the new totals. Once FTB receives 12,000 applications, the fax service will be disconnected.
This tax credit is available for qualified buyers who on or after March 1, 2009, and before March 1, 2010 purchase a qualified principal residence that has never been occupied. The buyer must reside in the new home for a minimum of two years immediately following the purchase date. To apply, an Application for New Home Credit must be completed by the buyer and seller within one week after the close of escrow and faxed by the escrow person to FTB at 916.845.9754.
To expedite the processing of applications, qualified buyers are reminded to: submit only one application per new home purchase, only send in the application after escrow closes, and complete the application carefully and accurately. Applications received before escrow closes will be denied.
FTB will continue to report the certificates issued on a weekly basis until the full $100 million has been allocated. FTB expects to complete processing all certificates in August. Each applicant will receive a notification indicating the amount of credit allocated or denied.
A Chatsworth man pleaded guilty to one felony count of grand theft and one felony count of filing a false state income tax return.
James I. Ha, 35, was employed as the vice president of finance for a local marketing company. According to court documents, Ha abused his position of trust by embezzling more than $350,000 from 2001 - 2004. In addition, Ha also failed to claim this money on his state income tax returns for the same years. All income is taxable including income from illegal sources. Ha used the embezzled funds for personal expenses.
Sentencing is delayed until April 2010, to give Ha time to pay restitution to his former employer and pay FTB more than $45,000 representing the unpaid tax, penalties, interest, and the cost of the investigation. Ha faces up to three years in state prison and five years of formal probation.
Failing to report all income is part of the $6.5 billion tax gap California faces each year. The tax gap is defined as the difference between the tax that is owed and the tax that is paid. Since January, FTB has cooperated with local district attorneys around the state on six successful prosecutions.
Los Angeles County Superior Court Judge Marcelita V. Haynes presided over the case and Los Angeles County Deputy District Attorney Reid Rose prosecuted the case. This was a joint investigation between the Los Angeles County Police Department, the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, and us.
Restitution Ordered in Identity Theft, Online Auction House ScamA Brentwood man was ordered to pay more than $187,000 restitution to the State of California after previously pleading guilty to state income tax evasion.
Charles Merritt-Osborne is currently serving an eight-year prison term after pleading guilty in June 2008. Merritt-Osborne was the alleged ringleader of a scheme where stolen identities were used to create fraudulent companies, which then obtained credit to purchase goods for resale on eBay. The scam netted more than $2 million.
Two felony counts of state income tax evasion were among the charges to which Merritt-Osborne pleaded guilty. An exact amount of restitution was not determined at sentencing, so the hearing ordered full restitution in the amount of $187,191 which represents the unpaid tax, penalties, interest, and the cost of the investigation. All income is taxable including income from illegal sources. The failure to file tax returns is part of the $6.5 billion tax gap California faces each year. The tax gap is defined as the difference between the tax that is owed and the tax that is paid.
Santa Clara Superior Court Judge David A. Cena ordered the restitution in Department 31 of the Hall of Justice. Assistant Attorney General Ralph Savilla with the Office of the Attorney General prosecuted the case. The fraud was discovered by the state's high tech crime task force.
Get your CA FTB withheld tax refund today by contacting Mike Habib, EA at 1-877-78-TAXES (1-877-788-2937)
CA Tax Rates
According to the California State Franchise Tax Board (FTB), partnerships that are not based in California should file withholding tax on the sale of real estate in the state. The CA tax rate is at 3 1/3 percent of the proceeds from the sale or 9.3 percent of the gain. The board also increased the alternative withholding rates for real estate sales by S corporations. These groups are now subjected to a 10.8% rate for the sale of real property. On the other hand, financial S corporations are subjected to withholding rates of 12.8%.
For installment sales
For real property acquired on installment, the buyer is now required to file a tax withheld on the principle portion for the payment of installment sales. This applies to California real estate properties that are sold under a clear installment structure. The FTB modified Form 539-I to accommodate this change.
Steps in withholding real estate CA tax
It's important to note that withholding CA tax is mandatory for all types of transfers of CA real property ownership. This rule is still subject to exemptions as per the board's guidelines.
According to the law, anyone who buys real property in the state of California should withhold taxes. He or she can request the escrow officer of their real estate transaction to do so on their behalf. For this, the escrow officer should go through the following procedures:
- Send a written notification of withholding requirements to the buyer using the FTB Publication 1016 as basis.
- Provide the seller with a copy of the FTB593 booklet that comes with the Forms 593-C and 593-E.
- Withhold as required.
- Complete the forms and furnish the seller with a copy of the forms.
- Send the accomplished documents along with the payment for taxes withheld by the 20th day of the month after the escrow closes.
Errors to avoid
Just like any other type of tax return that needs to be filed, errors cannot be avoided. You want to be more mindful of these potential mistakes to ensure that you don't run into trouble later on. For instance, make sure that you accurately complete all the needed forms. It's important for you to answer all the fields as they apply and indicate a telephone number where you can be contacted in case the tax board finds errors in your form. Make sure that you include the right identification numbers on your withholding ID documents. Check out everything that is required and refrain from sending unnecessary documentation to the tax board.
Get your CA FTB withheld tax refund today by contacting Mike Habib, EA at 1-877-78-TAXES (1-877-788-2937).
To get help on California Real Estate Tax withholding laws, contact Mike Habib, EA (http://www.myirstaxrelief.com). Mike Habib will personally look into your tax case so you can get proper representation and avoid excessive tax penalties due to improperly filed tax returns.